Germany - Climate
ExtrasAlthough located mostly at latitudes north of the United States-Canadian border and thus closer to the Arctic Circle than to the equator, Germany has a temperate seasonal climate in which humid westerly winds predominate.
The climate is moderated by the North Atlantic Drift, which is the northern extension of the Gulf Stream, and is generally without sustained periods of cold or heat. Northwestern and coastal Germany have a maritime climate caused by warm westerly winds from the North Sea; the climate is characterized by warm summers and mild cloudy winters. Farther inland, the climate is continental, marked by greater diurnal and seasonal variations in temperature, with warmer summers and colder winters.
Winters are mild and summers tend to be cool, though temperatures can exceed 30 °C for prolonged periods. In the east, the climate is more continental; winters can be very cold, summers can be very warm, and long dry periods are often recorded. Central and southern Germany are transition regions which vary from moderately oceanic to continental. Again, the maximum temperature can exceed 30 °C in summer.
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