Geography in Portugal
Is a coastal nation in southwestern Europe is mainland is the shape of a rectangle about 560 km long and 220 km wide on the west of the Iberian Peninsula its only bordering country is Spain, to the east and north, with a total of 1,214 km of borders. Despite this total of km for the border with Spain, Portugal does not recognise the border from the delta of the River Caia to the delta of the River Cuncos since 1801's occupation of the Olivença territory by the Spanish Kingdom. It is bordered on the west with a 1,793 km coastline along the North Atlantic Ocean. Portugal also controls the Atlantic islands of Azores and Madeira Islands, which are strategic locations along western sea approaches to the Strait of Gibraltar between the Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. In total, the country has an area of 92,391 km2 of which 91,951 km2 is land and 440 km2 water.
Portugal is divided in two by its main river, the Tagus. In the north the terrain is mountainous in the interior areas with plateaus.
The south as far as the Algarve features mostly rolling plains with a climate somewhat warmer and drier than the cooler and rainier north. Other major rivers include the Douro, the Minho and the Guadiana, similar to the Tagus in that all originate in Spain. Another important river, the Mondego, originates in the Serra da Estrela (the highest mountains in mainland Portugal at 1,993 m).
The islands of the Azores and Madeira are located in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, some of the islands had recent volcanic activity. Portugal's highest point is Mount Pico, an ancient volcano, with 2,351 metres.
The Portuguese coast is extensive, it has 943 km in continental Portugal, 667 km in the Azores, 250 km in Madeira and in the Savage Islands. No large natural lakes exist in Continental Portugal, however, there are several lagoons in Portugal with a river as origin:
in Serra da Estrela, the Comprida Lagoon (Lagoa Comprida) and the Escura Lagoon (Lagoa Escura) were formed from ancient glaciers. The Pateira de Fermentelos is a small natural lagoon near Aveiro.
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