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Geography In Albania


Has a coastline of 362 kilometres long extending along the Adriatic and Ionian Seas. The country is generally mountainous and often inaccessible. The highest mountain is Korab 2,753 metres.

The country has a continental climate at its high altitude regions with cold winters and hot summers. Besides the capital city of Tirana, the principal cities are Durrës, Elbasan, Shkodër, Gjirokastër, Vlorë, Korçë and Kukës.

Over a third of the territory of Albania – about 10,000 square kilometres – is forested and the country was very rich in flora. About 3.000 different species of plants grow in Albania, many of which are used for medicinal purposes.

The territory of Albania can be subdivided into three ecoregions: the Illyrian deciduous forests, Pindus Mountains mixed forests and Dinaric Mountains mixed forests. The forests are home to a wide range of mammals, including wolves, bears, wild boars, and chamois. Lynx, wildcats, pine martens and polecats are rare, but survive in some parts of the country.

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